Anthropology (2016 - 2018)
Sociocultural and Linguistic Anthropology
Graduate Courses Open to Undergraduates
Human Society and Culture
ANTH-UA 1 Das, Ganti, Grant, Myers, Stout. 4 points.
Surveys the general aims, methods, and findings of modern cultural anthropology and its ties with the humanities and social sciences. Economic, political, and family organizations and systems of thought, including religion, are covered with equal attention to "primitive," traditional, and modern complex societies, particularly non-Western societies.
ANTH-UA 2 Includes laboratory. Antón, Bailey, Disotell, Harrison, Higham, Williams. 4 points.
The study of human evolution is a multidisciplinary endeavor involving a synthesis of concepts, techniques, and research findings from a variety of different scientific fields, including evolutionary biology, paleontology, primatology, comparative anatomy, genetics, molecular biology, geology, and archaeology. Provides a detailed survey of the evidence used to reconstruct the evolutionary history of our own species.
Archaeology: Early Societies and Cultures
ANTH-UA 3 Includes laboratory. Crabtree, White, Wright. 4 points.
Introduces contemporary archaeology, its theories, practices, and early societies and cultures. Examines current methodological and theoretical viewpoints of archaeological scholarship within the discipline of anthropology. Focuses on key transformations in cultural evolution, such as the origins of modern humans, the emergence of food production, and the development of complex societies, urbanism, and early states. Explores gender roles, landscapes and settlements, technologies, art, cognitive systems, urbanism, and state formation.
Anthropology of Language
ANTH-UA 17 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Das, Schieffelin. 4 points.
Introduces students to theories and methods for studying communicative practices across a range of societies and settings. Ethnographic studies focus on the role of language in regulating social relations, identity formation, power and politics, verbal art and performance, literacy and education in multilingual and multicultural settings, and the development of new media.
History of Anthropology
ANTH-UA 45 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Abercrombie, Dávila, Ganti, Khan, Myers, Rapp. 4 points.
Explores the development of some of the discipline's defining themes such as the culture concept, understandings of human commonalities and diversity, and participant observation research methods. Considers some of the key persons and institutions associated with these ideas. Focuses primarily on British and American sociocultural anthropology over the 20th century.
Special Courses (Including Honors)
Students must consult departmental policies on honors, internships, and independent study in the anthropology program section of this Bulletin.
Special Seminar in Anthropology I, II
ANTH-UA 800, 801 Open only to honors majors, or majors in cultural or linguistic anthropology who have the permission of the director of undergraduate studies. 4 points per term.
Honors Research I, II
ANTH-UA 950, 951 Open only to honors majors who have the permission of the director of undergraduate studies and who have secured the support of a faculty mentor to supervise the student's honors research and serve as the primary thesis reader. 4 points per term.
ANTH-UA 980, 981 Open only to majors who have the permission of the director of undergraduate studies, who will act as the departmental supervisor. 2 or 4 points per term.
ANTH-UA 997, 998 Prerequisite: permission of the director of undergraduate studies. 2 or 4 points per term; 6 or 8 points may be appropriate in exceptional cases.
Sociocultural and Linguistic Anthropology
Courses in sociocultural anthropology and linguistics are grouped in five areas of concentration. These are informal tracks students can use to develop expertise in a particular part of the discipline. The courses in each area complement each other, allowing students to study related topics from a variety of perspectives and develop a more coherent understanding of the field. The five areas are: 1. culture, symbols, and representation: media, art, language, heritage, and symbolic systems; 2. politics and society: politics, law, race, gender, sexuality, violence, economy, and the state; 3. science and medicine: medical anthropology, global health, and science studies; 4. religion, secularism, and the body; 5. cultures of the world: ethnographic studies of world regions.
Language, Power, and Identity
ANTH-UA 16 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Das. 4 points.
Examines how speakers enact their gender, sexuality, race, ethnicity, nationality, religion, and socioeconomic class through everyday conversations, narratives, performances, literacy activities, and public debates. Explores how identification strategies and beliefs about language reinforce or contest normative power structures. Considers bilingual education and accent discrimination, multilingualism and youth counterculture, migration and code-switching, linguistic nationalism and xenophobia, and literacy and neo/liberalism in different areas of the world.
ANTH-UA 29 Identical to RELST-UA 642. Zito. 4 points.
Explores the relationship between cultures of religious practices and the human body: the body as medium both for ritual and religious experience; the body as locus for virtue and sin; the split between mind and body. Looks at the body in various situations—gendered, sexualized, covered, naked, suffering, disabled, altered, missing—and interrogates notions of representations and ideals, from the religious ban on representing the human body to divine anthropomorphism.
Anthropology of Religion
ANTH-UA 30 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Abercrombie, Beidelman, Myers, Oliphant, Zito. 4 points.
Examines the cultural nature of basic beliefs and values manifested in both simple and complex societies. Discussion of time and space, causality, myth, prophecy and divination, witchcraft and magic, and mysticism.
Witchcraft: An Anthropological Approach
ANTH-UA 31 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Beidelman. 4 points.
Examines witchcraft through interdisciplinary study, including how theories of causation and reality are modified by culture and society and the way that social theorists have judged witchcraft in relation to social stability, conflict, and change. Considers both nonliterate, non-Western examples and cases from Europe and New England where historians have made extensive use of anthropological techniques.
Conversations in Everyday Life
ANTH-UA 32 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Das, Schieffelin. 4 points.
We spend a great deal of our time talking: whether face-to-face, on the phone, texting, or via another communicative technology, our feelings and ideas are constantly being exchanged. Investigates how conversation shapes our lives in culturally and linguistically diverse urban communities and presents the theories and methods for analyzing the roles that talk plays in medical, work, and school settings, where miscommunication frequently occurs.
Salvation and Revolution
ANTH-UA 34 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Beidelman, Myers. 4 points.
Examines revolutionary movements in both traditional and industrial societies in terms of how violence, coercion, prophecy, and radical thought impel social change. Analyzes utopian communities, prophetic movements, cargo cults, religious sects, and terrorism from various social scientific perspectives.
ANTH-UA 35 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Hansen, Rapp. 4 points.
Analyzes cultural practices and belief systems surrounding illness, suffering, and healing in medical systems around the globe. Healing specialists may be trained in both indigenous and cosmopolitan medicine; patients and healers both confront the structures of health resources and problems of improving health care.
Global Biocultures: Anthropological Perspectives on Health
ANTH-UA 36 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Hansen. 4 points.
Surveys the mutual shaping of culture and biology in diverse contexts around the world. Starts with sociocultural theories of biocultural process and ends with ethnographies of disability, drugs, food, place, pain, and biotechnology. Examines the relationship between larger political economic structures and individual subjectivities.
Anthropology of Indigenous Australia
ANTH-UA 37 Myers. 4 points.
Considers a range of Aboriginal Australian forms of social being and pays significant attention to the changing relationship between Indigenous people and the settler nation of Australia. Explores how Aboriginal people have struggled to reproduce themselves and their traditions in their own terms, asserting their right to forms of cultural autonomy and self-determination.
Indigenous Australian Art: An Analytical Survey
ANTH-UA 38 Myers. 4 points.
Focuses on regional and historical variations of Aboriginal art in the context of the history of a settler nation, while considering the issues of its circulation and evaluation within contemporary discourses of value. Topics include the cosmological dimensions of the art, its political implications, its relationship to cultural identity, and its aesthetic frameworks.
Family and Kinship
ANTH-UA 41 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1). Abercrombie, Beidelman, Khan, Myers, Rapp. 4 points.
Explores cross-cultural diversity in the organization of family life and kin relationships. Discusses how anthropology's cross-cultural perspective helps illuminate new or controversial family arrangements in Western societies.
Memory, Heritage, History, and Narrative
ANTH-UA 43 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of instructor. Abercrombie. 4 points.
Surveys memory, social continuity, and representation of the past and historical change in order to understand the techniques, locations, and kinds of social memory that bridge the gap between remembered personal experience and the externally received representations of museology and history. Focuses on narration and self-narration, embodied public performance, and struggles over remembrance.
Ethnography and Ethnohistory of the Andes
ANTH-UA 47 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of instructor. Abercrombie. 4 points.
Examines the archaeological record, iconography, painting, music, chronicles, archival documents, and the social and cultural legacies of living peoples in order to understand pre-Columbian societies and trace the transformation of indigenous societies under Spanish colonialism and republican rule. Also introduces contemporary ethnography of the region, including rural indigenous peoples and urban social life.
ANTH-UA 48 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Abercrombie, Beidelman, Myers. 4 points.
Surveys various symbolic systems, considering their use in myth, ritual, literature, and art and the kinds of anthropological theories applied to explain their power and forms. Approaches theory through case studies, providing a diverse view of world cultures. Emphasizes non-Western, nonliterate societies, though some material from the West is also used.
Peoples of Sub-Saharan Africa
ANTH-UA 101 Identical to SCA-UA 101. Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Beidelman. 4 points.
Examines accounts of traditional ways of life, the history of colonial contact with Europe, and consideration of life in contemporary African states. Utilizes anthropological studies as well as historical works, novels, and autobiographies, many by African authors. African material is related to broader issues of social theory, ethnicity, social change, and the ties between culture, society, and values.
Contemporary Issues in the Caribbean
ANTH-UA 102 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Khan. 4 points.
Provides an anthropological perspective on Anglophone, Hispanophone, Francophone, and Dutch Antilles societies. Reviews how colonial history has structured the race, class, gender, ethnic, and national identities of Caribbean peoples and how these structures have in turn been shaped by the cultures and subjectivities of local communities. Contemporary topics include tourism, sexuality, the arts, health care, transnationalism, and diasporas.
Peoples of Latin America
ANTH-UA 103 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Abercrombie, Dávila. 4 points.
Surveys society and culture, with emphasis on class, ethnicity, and nationhood. Examines some of the fundamental characteristics of Ibero-American civilization both in its historical development and in its transformations across a variety of regional and class contexts. Discusses the complex interrelationships between country and city and between "popular" and "elite" culture by examining ethnographic case material and a few general interpretative works.
State and Society in South Asia
ANTH-UA 104 Formerly Anthropology of South Asia. Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Ganti, Rademacher. 4 points.
Introduces the cultures and societies of the Indian subcontinent. Focuses not only on the history and ethnography of South Asia, but also on the major concepts and debates in the anthropological study of the region. Topics include caste, kinship, gender, nationalism, ethnic conflict, globalization, and popular culture.
Populism, Religion, and Crisis in Europe
ANTH-UA 111 Formerly Anthropology of Europe. Abercrombie. 4 points.
Explores cultural systems and social structures in modern European societies. Uses ethnographic case studies and film to examine issues such as ethnic and national identity, the impact on everyday life of shifting territorial and social borders, ritual, and religious behavior.
Anthropology of Gender and Sexuality
ANTH-UA 112 Identical to SCA-UA 112. Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Abercrombie, Rapp, Stout. 4 points.
Compares women's and men's experiences, activities, resources, powers, and symbolic significance as they vary within and between societies. Social and historical approaches in the analysis of how gender relations are affected by major social transformations. Emphasizes changes in gender roles, current transnational migrations, social movements, international relations, and the role of the military.
Culture, Power, and Visual Representation
ANTH-UA 122 Formerly Visual Anthropology. Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Ganti, Ginsburg, Stout. 4 points.
Photography, film, and other visual practices as modes for representing culture and sites of cultural practice. Examines the emergence of, as well as the contestations around, the genre of ethnographic film and its relationship to wider debates about documentary and nonfictional film practice. Considers the relationship between representation, power, and knowledge as manifest in cross-cultural representation.
Anthropology of Media
ANTH-UA 123 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Ganti. 4 points.
Examines the social and political life of media and how it makes a difference in the daily lives of people as a practice—in production, reception, or circulation. Organized around the following key questions: What is media? What role do media play in producing or shaping our sense of reality? What is the relationship between media and culture? How are media implicated in social change? Provides an overview of the increasing theoretical attention paid to the mass media by anthropologists, and focuses on concrete ethnographic examples.
Anthropology of Art
ANTH-UA 125 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Anderson, Myers. 4 points.
The starting point is to ask "What is art?" in comparative cultural perspective. Analyzes aesthetics in cross-cultural context; the notion of style; the relation between art, technology, and skill; the entanglement of primitivism and modernity; the role of class and taste in appreciating art; art and value in the marketplace; art and museum practice; tourist art and the value of authenticity; and colonial and postcolonial art.
Religion and Media
ANTH-UA 220 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Oliphant, Zito. 4 points.
Analyzes how human hearing, vision, and the performing body have been used historically to express and maintain religious life through music, voice, images, words, and rituals. Examines more recent electronic media such as cassette, film, television, video, and the Internet. Students should note that an anthropological/historical perspective on studying religion is pursued in the course.
Topical Seminar in Social and Cultural Anthropology I, II
ANTH-UA 320, 321 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Abercrombie, Anderson, Beidelman, Das, Dávila, Ganti, Ginsburg, Grant, Hansen, Khan, Martin, Merry, Myers, Oliphant, Rademacher, Rapp, Rogers, Stout, Zito. 4 points per term.
Analyzes and assesses selected key issues in the discipline. See the department's website for specific topics each term.
Race, "Difference," and Social Inequality
ANTH-UA 323 Identical to SCA-UA 323. Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Khan. 4 points.
Examines how historical, social, and cultural contexts shape the forms that identities take, looking in particular at ideas about race and racial identity. We work with two premises: (1) race must be understood in relation to such other identity categories as gender, class, sexuality, and ethnicity, and (2) race is expressed in both obvious and subtle ways; thus, racial identity is implicit as well as explicitly expressed. Utilizes nonfiction, fiction, and films.
Reimagining Community: Race, Nation, and the Politics of Belonging
ANTH-UA 325 Identical to SCA-UA 200. Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTHUA 1) or permission of the instructor. Dávila, Khan. 4 points.
Examines different notions of "community" through a variety of disciplinary lenses. Readings are drawn from anthropology, history, feminist studies, cultural studies, ethnic studies, and philosophy. We read these texts both as theoretical representations of "community" as well as historically embedded artifacts that are part of the larger machinery in the production of knowledge.
Language and Law
ANTH-UA 329 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Schieffelin. 4 points.
Explores how speakers ranging from small children to litigants in courts attempt to settle their differences. Comparative materials illustrate theories of disputes and dispute resolution, examining the power of language and the language of power in a variety of settings (e.g., mediation, arbitration, trials). Class includes fieldwork trips to small claims court. Students audio-record cases and transcribe and analyze them according to different analytic perspectives.
Human Rights and Culture
ANTH-UA 331 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Merry. 4 points.
Topics include female genital cutting, honor killing, trafficking of persons, and indigenous peoples' rights to culture. Considers how the human rights system deals with tensions between global standards and local ways of life. Examines the meanings of rights and of culture in these debates and shows the implications of adopting an anthropological analysis of these situations.
Violence, Gender, and the Law
ANTH-UA 332 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or Law and Society (LWSOC-UA 1). Merry. 4 points.
Explores the nature of violence as a concept that incorporates both physical harm and cultural meanings. Reviews law and violence in the context of non-state societies, colonialism, international law and human rights, and transitional justice. Focuses on gender-based violence, such as domestic violence, rape, sex trafficking, genocide, and wartime violence. Examines law as a system of ordering relations and controlling conflict in contexts as diverse as small bands and global institutions.
The Color of Race in the Americas:Post-Racial Mythologies
ANTH-UA 333 Prerequisite: at least one introductory course in cultural anthropology, history, social and cultural analysis, or sociology. Khan. 4 points.
Examines race and color as fundamental social and ideological building blocks of the Americas, as well as the related issues of identity, similarity, and difference in social relations. Considers how race and color are embedded in the cultural landscape and how "mixed race" and "color continuums" do (or do not) democratize social hierarchies. Employs ethnographic and interdisciplinary approaches.
Body, Gender, and Belief in China
ANTH-UA 350 Identical to RELST-UA 350. Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTHUA 1) or permission of the instructor. Zito. 4 points.
Provides an extended and historical exploration of categories basic to social life such as gender, body, and family. Examines the images of family and positions of women in the classics; factors in ritualist and Taoist notions of body; and discusses changes in the practices of filiality over time. Analyses of secondary monographs are combined with work in primary sources.
Belief and Social Life in China
ANTH-UA 351 Identical to RELST-UA 351. Zito. 4 points.
The Chinese word for "religion" means "teaching." Explores what Chinese people "taught" themselves about the person, society, and the natural world and thus how social life was constructed and maintained. Examines in historical perspective the classic texts of the Taoist and Confucian canon and their synthesis as well as Buddhism, especially Ch'an (Zen). Discusses the practices of filiality in Buddhism, Confucian orthodoxy, and folk religion.
After Religion? Rethinking Our Secular Age
ANTH-UA 352 Identical to RELST-UA 638. Offered every other year. Oliphant. 4 points.
By exploring some of the many different forms of the secular found around the world and over time, we call into question the power of the universal tale of modernization that sits at the foundation of the "secularization thesis." Explores what it means to live in a "secular age"—a framework which, although often invisible or implicit, establishes and limits much of what we experience, expect, and encounter in our daily lives.
Anthropology and Transnationalism
ANTH-UA 400 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Das, Dávila, Ganti, Khan. 4 points.
Addresses the ongoing reconstruction of world order and its accompanying disorder. Examines changes in how people earn their livelihoods; how cultures are transmitted and hybridized; how migrating populations maintain connections to their homelands; how group identities are constructed and asserted; and how social movements arise around newly politicized issues. Discusses changing roles of nation-states and the growing significance of transnational, diasporic, and globalized social relations and cultural forms.
Culture Through Food
ANTH-UA 410 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or permission of the instructor. Abercrombie, Rogers. 4 points.
Draws on ethnographic material from a wide range of cultures, as well as feature films and our own observations and interviews, to consider such topics as the material dimensions of food production, distribution, and consumption (e.g., food scarcity or abundance) and the cultural meanings and social distinctions encoded in food practices (e.g., how food is used cross-culturally as a marker of social identity and as a source of meaning).
Formations of Indigeneity
ANTH-UA 605 Formerly ANTH-UA 320. Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1) or equivalent. Myers. 4 points.
Through a case study of materials concerning indigenous people in Australia and North America, investigates the consequences (cultural, sociological, policy) of a development that has taken place throughout the world. Many of the peoples in whom anthropologists are interested—those organized into small-scale, kinship-based societies—are encapsulated as indigenous minorities within nation states dominated by other cultural traditions. Examines how the capacity and practices of these peoples to reproduce themselves and their traditions on their own terms has been limited, undermined, co-opted and, on occasion, reinforced.
Prehistoric Hunters and Gatherers
ANTH-UA 210 Prerequisite: Archaeology: Early Societies and Cultures (ANTH-UA 3) or permission of the instructor. Crabtree. 4 points.
Examines the origin and early development of culture in the Old and New Worlds. Utilizes archaeological materials from the Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods of Africa, Eurasia, and the Paleo-Indian, Woodland, and Archaic periods of North America, against a background of related evidence from physical anthropology and ethnology.
Rise and Fall of Civilizations
ANTH-UA 211 Prerequisite: Archaeology: Early Societies and Cultures (ANTH-UA 3) or permission of the instructor. Crabtree, Wright. 4 points.
Considers two distinct processes: (1) the origins of food production and consequent development of domesticated plants and animals and (2) the trend toward increasing social, political, and economic complexity that culminates in early states. Several independent examples of each process from both the Old and New Worlds.
Prehistoric Art and Symbolic Evolution
ANTH-UA 212 Prerequisite: Human Society and Culture (ANTH-UA 1), or Archaeology: Early Societies and Cultures (ANTH-UA 3), or permission of the instructor. White. 4 points.
Examines prehistoric art forms, their interpretation, and their evolutionary and behavioral significance. Introduces Stone Age art—its form, contents, and chronological evolution. Reviews and assesses competing interpretive frameworks, with emphasis on understanding the social and ideological context within which the art was produced and comprehended.
Topical Seminar in Archaeological Anthropology I, II
ANTH-UA 213, 214 Prerequisite: Archaeology: Early Societies and Cultures (ANTH-UA 3) or permission of the instructor. Crabtree, White, Wright. 4 points per term.
Explores selected key issues and problems in archaeological anthropology. See the department's website for specific topics each term.
Archaeological Theory and Technique
ANTH-UA 215 Prerequisite: Archaeology: Early Societies and Cultures (ANTH-UA 3) or permission of the instructor. Crabtree, White, Wright. 4 points.
Theoretical approaches to the economy, technology, and organization of hunter-gatherers; early agriculturalists; gender differences; and complex societies. Examines research design, sampling problems, chronometric methods, analysis of paleoenvironments, and typology in terms of modern understanding as well as historical perspective.
Surveys of Regional Prehistory I: Egypt and the Near East
ANTH-UA 216.001 Prerequisite: Archaeology: Early Societies and Cultures (ANTH-UA 3) or permission of the instructor. Wright. 4 points.
Examines the archaeological evidence for two major transformations: the origins of food production (the domestication of plants and animals) and the development of cities and states. Focuses primarily on the Tigris and Euphrates and Nile Valleys. Emphasizes the cultural history of the two regions and how these changes influenced the development of increasingly complex social organization and our present understanding of urbanism and state-level societies.
Surveys of Regional Prehistory II: Prehistoric Europe to the End of the Ice Age
ANTH-UA 216.002 Prerequisite: Archaeology: Early Societies and Cultures (ANTH-UA 3) or permission of the instructor. White. 4 points.
Prehistories of selected culture areas. Emphasizes the theoretical and methodological foundations of archaeology within a culture area as reconstructed through archaeological methods. The choice of region varies by semester.
ANTH-UA 217 Prerequisite: Archaeology: Early Societies and Cultures (ANTH-UA 3) or permission of the instructor. Crabtree. 4 points.
Between the end of the Ice Age (about 8000 B.C.E.) and the expansion of the Roman Empire, temperate Europe witnessed a series of social and economic transformations that represented a transition from a hunting and gathering way of life to urban chiefdoms. Along the way, these hunter-gatherers became agriculturalists and stockherders, learned to use metals, and developed complex social structures.
ANTH-UA 218 Prerequisite: Archaeology: Early Societies and Cultures (ANTH-UA 3). 4 points.
Africa plays a central role in our understanding of human evolution, the prehistory of our species, and the development of complex societies. Focuses not only on the material evidence from across the continent and its interpretation, but also on developing methods of inquiry and problem solving. Examines hominin origins, the study of Stone Age foragers of the first 2.5 million years of human prehistory, and more recent periods characterized by food production, metallurgy, sedentism, and the development of complex societies (e.g., in Egypt, Mali, Zimbabwe, and the East African coast).
Discovering Archaeology in New York City
ANTH-UA 225 Wright. 4 points.
Archaeological remains from 10,000 years ago to the beginning of the 20th century allow a different perspective on the city in time and space to emerge. Walking around its various boroughs, students learn that our modern landscape is vastly different from that of earlier eras. Along with our gains as a major cultural center, we assess some losses brought about by the destruction of aspects of the city's past. In particular, students consider the meaning of stewardship in the context of urban development.
Last Hunters, First Farmers
ANTH-UA 608 Prerequisite: Archaeology: Early Societies and Cultures (ANTH-UA 3) or permission of the instructor. Crabtree. 4 points.
Explores the transition from foraging to agriculture throughout the Eastern Hemisphere and the Americas. Reviews theories that explain the transition from hunting to gathering to farming, as well as the archaeological methods and evidence that are used to examine this question.
Fieldwork in Archaeology
ANTH-UA 830 Prerequisite: permission of the instructor. Crabtree, White, Wright. Offered in the summer. 4 points.
Students live and work at the selected prehistoric or historic site, usually in eastern or midwestern North America. Students are instructed in field technique and laboratory procedures. Further background provided through staff and guest lectures.
Fossil Evidence for Human Evolution
ANTH-UA 50 Prerequisite: Human Evolution (ANTH-UA 2) or permission of the instructor. Antón, Bailey, Harrison, Williams. 4 points.
Traces the evolutionary history of the human lineage from its origin in the late Miocene of Africa up to the initial differentiation and diversification of anatomically modern humans. Explores debates about phylogenetic relationships, taxonomy, paleobiological interpretations, and models for the origin of human behavior.
ANTH-UA 51 Prerequisite: Human Evolution (ANTH-UA 2) or permission of the instructor. Antón, Bailey, Disotell. 4 points.
Human evolutionary history and our ability to adapt to such a broad range of environments result in the patterns of human variability we see today. New techniques allow us to explore the different levels of human variation. Focuses on new data and methodologies, including molecular genetic techniques, and the hypotheses and controversies generated by these new perspectives.
Evolution and Biology of Human Behavior
ANTH-UA 52 Prerequisite: Human Evolution (ANTH-UA 2). Antón, Bailey, Harrison, Higham, Williams. 4 points.
Presents a synthetic approach to the biological, behavioral, and cultural origins of humans. Explores data and theories from paleoanthropology, archaeology, nonhuman primate behavioral studies, brain research, and sociobiology for their contributions to the study of human behavior.
ANTH-UA 53 Prerequisite: Human Evolution (ANTH-UA 2) or permission of the instructor. Disotell. 4 points.
In-depth analysis of the genetic component of human variability. Discusses mechanisms of inheritance, gene expression in individuals and populations, and alternative explanations for genetic variability. Explores the implications of modern advances in genetics, such as genetic engineering and gene therapy.
Primate Behavioral Ecology
ANTH-UA 54 Prerequisite: either Human Evolution (ANTH-UA 2) or Life Science: Human Origins (CORE-UA 305), or permission of the instructor. 4 points.
Studies how and why primates have evolved to be so social and varied in their social and mating systems, and why they exhibit so many unusual characteristics. Topics considered: primate biology and taxonomy, evolutionary theory and the history and philosophy of primate studies, natural selection and social systems, sexual selection and mating systems, and intelligence and communication.
Health and Disease in Human Evolution
ANTH-UA 55 Prerequisite: Human Evolution (ANTH-UA 2) or permission of the instructor. Antón, Disotell. 4 points.
Examines the interactions of environmental, genetic, physiological, and cultural factors in the expression and distribution of human diseases. Develops pathology profiles for nonhuman primates; prehistoric human populations; and hunting and gathering, agricultural, and industrial groups, with emphasis on the expression of infectious disease in human history and newly (re)emerging diseases.
Comparative Biology of the Living Primates
ANTH-UA 56 Prerequisite: Human Evolution (ANTH-UA 2) or permission of the instructor. Harrison, Williams. 4 points.
The study of the primates, our closest living relatives, is fundamental to a sound understanding of human biology and evolution. Surveys the anatomy and behavior of the living primates from a structural, functional, and evolutionary perspective. Examines different anatomical systems and behaviors: external features, the cranium, dentition and dietary behavior, postcranial anatomy and locomotor behavior, sensory and nervous systems, and reproductive anatomy. Emphasizes the role of comparative anatomy in functional and behavioral studies, taxonomy, and phylogenetic analyses.
ANTHUA 59 Prerequisite: Human Evolution (ANTH-UA 2). Higham. 4 points.
Key insights into the evolution of human communication can come from studying our most closely related extant relatives, our fellow members of the primate order. Topics include the difference between signals and cues, signal honesty, and concepts of signal information content and evolutionary signal design. Considers communication in different sensory modalities (olfactory, auditory and visual), multimodal communication, and theories and issues related to the evolution of language.
ANTH-UA 80 Disotell. 4 points.
Integrates evolutionary biology, genetics, immunology, ecology, and behavioral ecology with sociocultural anthropology, politics, and economics. General evolutionary theory and an introduction to Darwinian medicine frame an examination of viral, bacterial, parasitic, and prion-based diseases along with their hosts, vectors, and other organisms. Particular attention to how humans have purposely and inadvertently created both biological and cultural environments for the transmission of different diseases. Considers media representations and misrepresentations.
ANTH-UA 90 Prerequisite: Human Evolution (ANTH-UA 2) or permission of the instructor. Crabtree. 4 points.
Approaches human biology and culture as adaptations to varying external conditions. Case studies of several living peoples, contemporary a nd past biological communities, and prehistoric cultures provide the material for interpretation and evaluation of theoretical positions.
Evolution of Language
ANTH-UA 240 Prerequisite: Human Evolution (ANTH-UA 2) or permission of the instructor. 4 points.
Topics include human evolution and the study of fossil humans, animal and primate behavior and communication, anatomy of the vocal tract, neuroanatomy, language acquisition, language universals, the origins and diversification of modern languages, and the origins of writing.
Introduction to Forensic Anthropology
ANTH-UA 326 Prerequisite: Human Evolution (ANTH-UA 2) or permission of the instructor. Antón, Williams. 4 points.
Forensic anthropologists play critical roles in identifying victims of mass fatalities, in investigating homicides (both historic and modern), and in distinguishing cause of death. Students are introduced to the underlying theory and the applied techniques that forensic anthropologists use to recover and identify individuals and assess cause of death, both in the laboratory and the field.
Topical Seminar in Biological Anthropology I, II
ANTH-UA 511 Open to majors in anthropology with the permission of the instructor. Antón, Bailey, Disotell, Harrison, Higham, Williams. 4 points per term.
Explores selected key issues and problems in biological anthropology. See the department's website.
Graduate Courses Open to Undergraduates
Qualified anthropology majors may take graduate courses with the permission of the instructor of the course. Consult the current Graduate School of Arts and Science Bulletin and the department's website.