Lara Manbeck, History, Economics, Class of 2018, DURF Received: Spring 2017
Project Title: The Vietnam War: Its Orientalist Origins, Racialized Terrain, and Structures of Feeling
Photo Description (“Manbeck, Lara and Mentors”):
Pictured with project mentors. Stefanos Geroulanos, Lara Manbeck, Monica Kim (l. to r.)
I traveled to Vietnam with DURF funding summer of 2017 to work in archives with French/Vietnamese colonial documents dating back to the 1920s.
My research seeks to examine the link between pervasive ‘orientalist’ rhetoric —its underlying structures of feeling, manifestations, and influences — within American policy post-World War II, and its effects on American involvement in Vietnam in the 1960s. Horrifically racialized rhetoric, prevalent in the conduct of politicians, military generals, and subsequently American soldiers, undeniably contributed to the treatment of Vietnam’s people and land during the war. Through a thorough examination of archived Vietnamese and American government documents, accounts of military conduct, and later war crime investigations, I aim to expose the racialized terrain of the U.S. War in Vietnam which led to efforts such as the Strategic Hamlet Program and Operation Rolling Thunder, along with the atrocities of My Lai and Ben Suc. Ultimately, my aim is to highlight the unacknowledged conceptual pluralities which served as foundations to liberalist aggregations of violence and power under the guise of freedom during the war.
Allie Neelson, Neural Science, Class of 2018, DURF Received: Spring 2017
Project Title: Stressor Controllability in Adolescents (Hartley Lab, NYU Psychology)
Photo Description (Allie is subject in the photo):
How does having control modulate the body's physiological fear response? This is the question I'm exploring using an aversive conditioning paradigm with an unpleasant smell. #classicalconditioning #smells #neuroscience
My project is about resiliency in adolescents. Specifically, I examine how having control in one stressful situation affects an adolescent’s stress response in a new stressful situation. The premise of the project is that having control over an external stressor, i.e. having the ability to stop the stressor and thus alleviate the stress from the situation, decreases the effect of stress in future scenarios, even when they are not controllable. This project expands the idea of stressor controllability to adolescents, thus exploring the existence of this type of control-mediated resilience during development. The results of the experiment will either suggest a resiliency effect in adolescents who had control, as seen in adults, or provide further questions regarding the development of resiliency during adolescence.
Sahaana Sundar, Neural Science, Class of 2018, DURF Received: Spring 2016
Project Title: Determining the Morphologies and Spatial Patterns of Cells in Entorhinal Cortex (EC) that Indicate Feedback from Hippocampus (HC) to EC (Basu Lab NYU School of Medicine)
Photo Title: Free-floating Horizontal Slices of Mouse Brain
After injecting a virus into its brain, this mouse was perfused, and its brain has been sliced horizontally into 100 micrometer slices.
Memories are stored after perceptions are processed. But what kind of relationship exists between memory and perception, and how do they interact? In this research project, I aim to generate a connectivity map between the entorhinal cortex (EC) (superficial and deep), and various regions of the hippocampus (HC), regions that are strongly implicated in our ability to take perceptions of our environment and generate memories. To obtain a clear understanding of how these two regions “talk” to each other in the form of neural activity, we must first establish how they are connected. In my research, I will use advanced neuroanatomical approaches to better understand the interplay between the hippocampus and entorhinal cortex in memory formation.
Mengyue Wu, Art History, Class of 2018, DURF Received for this project: Fall 2016
Project Title: Reform and Resist: Pan Tianshou in the 1950s
The attached photo was taken during my interview with the renowned Chinese woodblock printing artist, Mr. Lu Fang. The interview is part of my research project on Pan Tianshou's paintings in 1950s. Mr. Lu was Pan's student at that time.
In the early 1950s, Pan Tianshou (1897–1971), the renowned Chinese traditional ink painter, art historian, and art educator, created a series of small-scale paintings that are explicitly political and drastically different from the traditional hanging scrolls for which he was famous. The lofty hermits, the expressive birds, flowers and landscape in Pan’s earlier paintings are replaced by the realistic peasants of New China. The “peasant series” is unprecedented in Pan’s repertoire before 1950, but Pan would entirely abandon the format after 1953. These short-lived outliers in Pan’s artistic career not only give clues to the correlations and tensions between the state’s ideology and the art in the beginning of Mao’s regime, but also illuminate Pan’s innovations as an artist who both conformed to and resisted the sociopolitical circumstances in the age of reforms. This project investigates Pan’s “peasant series” in the light of the particularly complicated political and historical conditions.